Premenstrual syndrome is a condition that occur in women just before menstruation. It affects a woman’s day to day activities, emotions and physical health. Therefore premenstrual syndrome is not normal. And you may have to visit your doctor if you had severe symptoms. However it doesn’t affect every women severely. In this article you can find common symptoms and treatment options of premenstrual syndrome.
Premenstrual symptoms occur in almost all women in reproductive age. But around 3 – 60% may have severe symptoms causing disruption of everyday life.
Exact cause for premenstrual syndrome is unknown. But studies say that the sex hormones and serotonin levels in a women’s body appear to play a major role.
But there are some risk factors for premenstrual syndrome.
- Family history of premenstrual syndrome
- Depression or any other mental disorder
- Family member with depression
- Substance addiction
Premenstrual syndrome usually associated with many other mental disorders. Therefore proper treatment of associated mental disorders is a method of treating this condition.
Symptoms of Premenstrual syndrome
The key point is that symptoms of premenstrual syndrome is not persist all the time. It may appears about 14 days before and lasts until about 7 days after the start of menstruation. Therefore doctors can easily diagnose the condition. However those time duration can vary in some women.
Here are the main symptoms of premenstrual syndrome:
- Abdominal bloating
- Cyclical weight gain
- Breast pain
- Abdominal cramps
- Changes in sleep pattern – insomnia
If these symptoms affect your day to day life, you have to see your doctor.
How to treat premenstrual syndrome
Treatment of premenstrual syndrome has several ways. Life style changes, medical therapies, surgical therapies and psychological therapies are some of them. Finally, your doctor will decide the most appropriate method of treatment.
If you have above symptoms you can try following methods to ease your symptoms.
- Reduce your stress. Because stress is a common risk factor for premenstrual syndrome. You can read a book or do gardening during your free time. Spend more time with family members. Arrange some funny activities with them. If necessary get expert help.
- Stop alcohol, tobacco or other substances. You will see significant reduction of symptoms.
- Limit caffeine. Several studies say caffeine has an influence for premenstrual syndrome.
- Do some exercise. Because physical fitness will save you from most of the problems which you may encounter.
- Drink enough water. Then abdominal bloating and cramps may be subsided.
- Take folic acid, vitamin, calcium and magnesium supplements.
- Attend to a psychologist and get cognitive and behavioral advice
There are some medications which may be prescribed by your doctor.
- Contraceptive pills
- Transdermal oestrogens
- GnRH analogues
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI)
Surgical methods are also available. Removal of uterus with ovaries is an option. But it’s done in older women who have completed their family.
Finally, premenstrual syndrome is a common problem in most of women. But you can ease symptoms by having proper treatments. So, if you are having above symptoms and your life is affected, get medical attention as soon as possible.